What is “Southern” food?

Chair of History and Professor of Southern Studies writes, “The South can be seen more productively, perhaps, as a collection of regions. The Lowland South is the Deep South, a place of cotton growing, the blues, warm Gulf Coast breezes, Florida beaches and Latin rhythms. The urban South has been the center of the New South, from Atlanta newspaper editor Henry Grady in the 1880s to Andrew Young today.
Southern cooks have always creatively drawn upon the mix of cultures that once collided to create the South we know today– most notably, Native American, European, and African cultures.
Joe Gray Taylor writes, “It was from the Indians that the first settlers learned which wild plant foods were available and how to prepare them. The Irish potato did not come to the South until late, but it was an Indian vegetable. The Indians gave the South squash, most of the beans that Americans eat until this day, pumpkins, all peppers except black, and probably cowpeas.
The European stamp is greater in some regions of the South than in others. John Egerton writes, “If there is a single dimension of Louisiana food that sets it apart from cooking elsewhere in the South, it is without a doubt the French connection.
Jessica Harris discusses the ways in which Africans influenced food ways in the South: “Reports of foods eaten during the slave centuries indicate that though planters may have attempted to reproduce the cuisine of their mother country on the other side of the Atlantic, a transformation was taking place. In African hands, the recipes were being changed according to local ingredients and African culinary techniques.
Spices were being used more intensively in the warmer climates both to disguise spoiled meats and to enhance flavors. Foods were being grilled and vegetables were being added to what in Europe had been mainly a protein and carbohydrate diet. One historian goes as far as to credit the slaves with adding greens and green vegetables to the slaveholder’s diet and thereby saving countless numbers from nutritional deficiencies.”

What To Look For In A Cooking School

Is it any wonder why most women painstakingly toil and learn the art of cooking? They started having some sessions with every dish being taught every time the supposed to be teacher to his or her supposed to be student. And so, gradually cooking schools were built, maybe with those who first taught cooking.

I. Culinary Schools – A Brief Rundown

Since its inception and practice, cooking schools had continuously provided their students, first, with the basics of cooking. The first sessions of classes in cooking schools before are not as organized as it is today.

II. Choices

The problem is too many cooking schools. As a potential student, of course you will want to attend the very best learning institution that you can.

1. Is it accredited?
In this case, a good cooking school should be accredited, and not just by so-and-so company but a valid accrediting agency. Those who have been in the business for at least 6 years are good enough?

2. Do you need a job right away after your training?
If so, then it’s best to choose cooking schools that can give you career advancement right after your training. Good cooking schools require their students to have on-the-job-training within restaurants and hotels. In turn, it will be good exposure for you especially if you want to work for them in the future.

3. Are you particular with the student-teacher ratio?
If so, then choose a cooking school that offers at least a maximum of 15 students per instructor. This is to facilitate ease of teaching and improve better comprehension among the students. A smaller class size is better especially if the session includes mostly of a one-on-one approach.

4. Do you have a tight budget?
Normally, good cooking schools cost a lot more than the typical cooking schools. If you are really determined to start your cooking lessons, it’s a must that you have the budget for it. Otherwise, you might just end up with a cheap one but can not give you the right techniques as far as cooking is concerned.

5. You need a good instructor for a good cooking school?
That is, if you really want to know how to cook effectively and professionally. It’s best that you check on the background of the instructors in the cooking school that you chose to enrol with. Find some helpful information if they are good enough teach you the art of cooking.

6. Proximity
Can you endure a long ride going to the cooking school? If not, then it’s best that you choose a good cooking school that is located within your locality. This will give you a shorter time for commuting.

7. Is it private or a public?
If you go for public cooking schools, you might save a hefty amount of money because they are cost cheaper than the private ones. Then again, the quality of the school facilities and instruction may suffer because the government may not have allotted a budget for the school.

Ozone and the Food Sanitation Process

When you think of “ozone,” you may think of the layer in the stratosphere that blocks most ultraviolet radiation from the sun. The term also refers to a substance that can further your wellness.

As a highly reactive oxidizing agent, ozone is used to deodorize air, purify water and treat industrial wastes. It is remarkably effective in applications such as food processing and cleaning and sanitizing equipment.

According to Produce Safety & Security International Inc., a food safety company, ozone is extremely effective in killing microorganisms because it oxidizes their cell membranes, killing a broader variety of potential pathogens than chlorine. The agent has no negative environmental impact because it easily and quickly degrades into oxygen.

In June 2001, the Food and Drug Administration granted “Generally Recognized As Safe” status to ozone for use in food-contact applications. A few days later, the FDA published a final ruling approving ozone as an additive to kill food-borne pathogens. This authorization opened the floodgates for food processors to begin using ozone in their plants.

Today, ozone technology is steadily replacing conventional sanitation techniques, such as chlorine, steam and hot water. Used in the processing of meat, poultry, seafood and produce, the technology is recognized as one of the safest, most cost-effective and chemical-free ways to keep food safe. Many food processors say the main benefit of using ozone is that it extends the shelf life of their products – an asset that’s important in the competitive international food industry.

Produce Safety & Security International Inc. uses ozone technology in its environmentally safe food sanitation systems, including industrial misting systems, which pressurize the room with a fog to reach in and around all equipment and pipes, subsequently killing all the bacteria that bonds mold to the surface.

The company also offers sanitation processes such as knife-washing systems that sanitize personal cutting equipment and commercial ozone systems, high-output ozone generators that maximize the surface contact between ozone and water in food processing plants.

Cooking The Same Thing Day After Day? Try These Great Ideas!

Cooking can be quite the tragedy if you don’t have much knowledge or know any tricks of the trade. This article will give you the information you need to get on your way to making delicious meals without any complications. Of course practice will be necessary, cooking is not a skill that can be 100 percent right in the beginning.

Keep your pantry well stocked with a selection of canned meats. You never know when the power might go out for a day or two and you can’t get to the store. Canned hams, salmon, or other canned meats can save the day. Just add a few other ingredients from your pantry and you’ll have a great meal!

To clean your hands after cooking a recipe that includes garlic, vigorously rub your hands on your stainless steel sink or counter. Do this for 30 seconds to one minute, and then wash your hands. This will remove garlic odor from your fingers, and it will be as if you ‘d never touched it.

Treat your herbs like fresh flowers. If you are tired of your fresh herbs going to waste before you can use them all, don’t keep them in the refrigerator. Instead, trim the stems and place them in a vase in which you would like to keep freshly cut flowers. You will keep the herbs alive and healthy much longer.

Leave the bone in a roast to speed up cooking. By leaving the bone in, heat moves to the inside of the meat faster, speeding up the cooking process. Because the bone transmits heat, the entire roast cooks more evenly throughout the cut of meat by leaving it in rather than removing it.

Are you looking for an easy way to reduce, that not so pleasant smell in your kitchen, when cooking cabbage. One easy trick will keep your kitchen smelling nice when boiling cabbage. Adding caraway seeds to cabbage will help reduce the smell and adding caraway leaves will give your cabbage a pleasant taste.

Buy pre-packaged whole chickens instead of boneless, skinless chicken breasts. It’s more economical, you get more meals and you can use the bones to make your own chicken stock for soup based recipes and more.

Buy your food at fresh markets. Food you buy from farmer markets and private gardens is going to be healthier for you. These foods are often free of the harmful chemicals that infect out mainstream grocery supply. Look out for the health of yourself and your family, and your cooking will automatically be better.

Cook pasta for one minute less than instructed on the box and then place the pasta in a sauce pan. By making pasta this way, the sauce will absorb into the pasta and the overall quality of your meal will be better. You can even add some spices into the saucepan.

Now that you have read about the many basic skills of cooking, it is time for you to head to the kitchen and prepare some great food! Remember, as said before, cooking is not a skill that can be 100 percent right in the beginning. Practice is required for you to master the art of cooking.

Basic Cooking Utensils for Your Kitchen

Equipping Your Kitchen With Basic Cooking Utensils

There’s no doubt that having the right tools for the task makes any task easier, and there’s no better location to highlight this than in the kitchen area, where having the ideal cooking utensils can be the distinction in between developing excellent meals and terrific meals.

Lots of cooks consider significant appliances such as the range and fridge when planning to equip their cooking areas, however to be a success in the cooking area, you need to have a good choice of cooking utensils in addition to the bigger items. And remember, cooking utensils indicates more than just spoons; there’s a host of little cooking utensils varying from cutting devices, juicers, graters and more.

Consider what you carry out in a kitchen and about how various cooking utensils enter into play for each job:

– Washing and drying fresh produce– always simple to achieve with a strainer and salad spinner. A vegetable peeler is likewise a crucial addition to your cooking utensils closet.

– Slicing, slicing and dicing all type of food and garnishes– a food mill finishes vegetables, however graters, mandolins and knives are also valuable cooking utensils to have on hand.

– Measuring– cooking and baking can be a form of art and dishes need to be followed as specifically as possible so measuring meals, cups (both dry and wet steps) and determining spoons are vital cooking utensils.

– Weighing– depending on exactly what you prefer to cook, you may want to add a food scale to your shopping list of cooking utensils. Such a tool can be exceptional for portioning meat and other items that have cooking times affected by weight.

– Temperature– as crucial as procedures are temperature levels, which can affect the success of your kitchen area endeavors. An oven or meat thermometer is key to having actually appropriately prepared meat that is safe to consume, and must be included in your kitchen of cooking utensils.

– Mixing– no cooking area would be complete without a cadre of mixing bowls in its cooking utensils cabinet. Having a selection of bowls in various sizes is important to quickly, efficient cooking.

– Manipulating, poking, prodding, lifting and stirring– possibly what most often enters your mind when you consider cooking utensils are implements used to move food: spoons, forks, knives, spatulas, wire whisks, pastry blenders, tongs, salad lifters, slotted spoons, wood spoons, serving spoons and more.

By envisioning the jobs you do every day in the kitchen, you will get a better concept of the cooking utensils you ought to consider buying. Think about every phase of the food preparation procedure, from storage and cleansing, to cooking and presenting.

Other useful cooking utensils: pastry brush, kitchen shears, rolling pin, salt shaker, pepper shaker, cutting board, ramekins, flour sifter, rotary beater, ladles, juicer and a can opener. Cooking utensils come in a variety of costs, quality and products such as wood, metal, silicone and rubber. No matter how much you pay, always make sure any cooking utensils that have multiple pieces, fit together securely.

3 Easy Yet Different Cooking Recipes for Appetizers

Cooking Dish # 1: Chick Pea and also Corn Salad

Ingredients:
1 could of ready to consume chick peas or garbanzo beans
1 little packet of frozen corn
a canister of tamarind paste (offered in the Indian or ethnic grocery stores or section of your supermarket).
Coarsely ground red chilies.
Coarsely ground as well as baked cumin seeds.
Salt.
Finely chopped tomatoes.
Finely sliced onions.
Carefully sliced cilantro.

Method:.

Drain the water as well as empty the chick peas in to a pan. Include the corn and also tamarind water (by mixing the tamarind paste in to warm water). If the brand of tamarind you choose has seeds in it, throw them away. Add the seasonings and cover the pan for around 10 mins. Allow it simmer. When the corn is prepared, garnish with the veggies and serve hot or chilly.

Food preparation Dish # 2: Spicy Hot Potatoes.

4 big potatoes.
Lemon juice.
Curry leaves.
Whole red chilies (long or round).
Mustard seeds.
Cumin seeds.
Salt.
Finely chopped cilantro.
Chunks of jalapeno (optional).
4 tbsp. canola oil.

Approach:.

Boil the potatoes. Allow them great and then reduced them on to average sized chunks. In a frying pan, include some canola oil and fry the red chilies until they are dark. Include the various other flavors and also curry leaves with a little water (beware as it could splash) and also let it simmer for around 7 mins. Now add the potato portions and also lemon juice and mix until the potatoes are well coated with all the flavors. Garnish with the cilantro and also jalape o.

Food preparation Recipe # 3: Leftover Hen Sandwiches.

Active ingredients:.

Left over deep-fried baked or any kind of sort of poultry.
Cream cheese.
Mustard powder or paste.
Mayo.
Brown and white bread.
Salt.
Coarsely ground black pepper.

Method:.

De-bone and clean off any kind of sauce or seasonings from the left over poultry. Cut or shred in to smaller pieces as well as put in a hand aid blender or food processor with a little of the cream cheese, mayo, salt, pepper and also mustard. Preference regarding exactly how tasty or sweet or spicy you would certainly like it to be.
Grind to a paste as well as spread out on white and brownish bread reduced the sandwiches in to fours as well as alternate them on the offering meal so that it appears like a checkerboard. a simple food preparation dish that sets you back very little when you use leftovers!

Food preparation Dish # 4: Easy Pineapples as well as Cream.

Components:.
1 bathtub of Cool Whip.
1 can of pineapple chunks.
1 packet of pineapple flavorful jello.
Colored sugar for enhancing.

Let Cool Whip thaw in the refrigerator for five hours. Open up a container of pineapple and also utilizing its syrup plus water, make the pineapple jello based on the guidelines on the pack. Allow it amazing yet continue mixing to make sure that it doesn t set. Blot the pineapple pieces on kitchen towels.

Then using a spoon or an electrical beater, blend the jello into the cream. Include the pineapple pieces as well as allow it cool over evening. Enhance with continuing to be portions as well as some colored sugar.

Cooking Pumpkin Seeds Supplies A Health Treat

The majority of times in the autumn when pumpkins are harvested for pies, bread or for Halloween decorations, the seeds are regularly disposed of. Recognizing the many different approaches of cooking pumpkin seeds can provide a healthy snack. Among the easiest techniques made use of for cooking pumpkin seeds is to put them on a baking sheet and placed them in the stove with a bit of salt, yet there are other methods to develop a yummy treat.

Considering the pumpkin seeds could be toasted, baked, steamed or baked food preparation pumpkin seeds could additionally be an enjoyable experience for the kids. Relying on the sort of flavor utilized when they are prepared, they could additionally be plain, warm or mild. Several of the pointers for cooking pumpkin seeds consist of utilizing chili pepper or other kind of spice to add an actual kick to the completed snack.

Prior to embarking on a plan for cooking pumpkin seeds, there are some standards to make use of, regardless of just how you intend to prepare the seeds for consuming. All of the pulp left over from extracting them from the pumpkin needs to be gotten rid of as well as the seeds should be completely rinsed and also dried. As soon as rinsed with simple water, they could be expanded theoretically towels and also allowed to dry for several hours, usually overnight.

Cooking Could Offer Healthier Option

If you intend on cooking pumpkin seeds in the oven, when the seeds are dry that could be sprayed with cooking oil or put in a sealed plastic food storage bag with a one tsp of melted butter or olive oil for each 2 cups of seeds. Shake the bag till the fluid is equally spread out on the seeds and after that spread them out on a cookie sheet covered with non-stick light weight aluminum foil.

Spray the seasoning of your selection on the seeds and place in the oven at 250-degrees for 10 to 15 mins, up until the seeds start to turn light brown. It is necessary when food preparation pumpkin seeds not to enable them to burn. Once they are done, they can be maintained in a sealed bag for about a week however like many baked treat item they will stagnate after a couple of days if exposed.

The exact same preparation can be used with various other technique for food preparation pumpkin seeds and also those who do not like the preference, can position them in the stove, without all the cleaning as well as baked for 10 or 15 minutes for a reward for the birds.

Colonial Food Preparation Concoctions

Colonial dishes were understood for being extremely ingenious and delicious. The food preparation customs of the colonial times did not end there they live on through archaeological sites and also reenactments. Furthermore, recipes that have been handed downed for centuries likewise enable colonial food preparation to live on. Some may have changed over the years, however numerous recipes have remained basically the very same because they wased initially prepared hundreds of years ago. It is in this way that colonial cooking is not just a thing of the past. Elements of colonial food preparation could be seen in contemporary day cooking, and also they will certainly most definitely be present in future cooking areas.

The Usual Guard’s Pie

Among the traditional colonial recipes that has stayed a well-liked meal to this extremely day is shepherd’s pie. Guard’s pie is scrumptious, basic, as well as it is undoubtedly preferred adequate to have transcended centuries. To prepare guard’s pie, you will fist have to gather the active ingredients. The components, which have actually remained very much the exact same since the time of colonial cooking, include: 4 tablespoons of unsalted butter, 2 extra pounds peeled as well as diced carrots, extra pound peeled off and also diced turnips, 1 tool peeled as well as diced onion, 3 celery stalks, 13 cups of tomato paste, salt, pepper, one tsp of fresh thyme, mug of flour, 2 mugs of water or beef stock, 2 pounds of white or red potatoes, extra pound unsalted butter, 1 egg, 1 egg yolk, and also 2 pounds of lean boneless leg of lamb.

To begin preparing shepherd’s pie, melt the butter in a Dutch oven (you can utilize a little pan if you desire) over tool high warmth. Add the lamb, cook up until completed, get rid of, and reserved. Next off, add the vegetables and also saut for about 3 mins. Include the lamb, together with the thyme, and sprinkle the 4 over the mixture. Prepare on low heat, and afterwards add in the cool stock or water. Elevate the heat so that it is average high, bringing the combination to a boil, and stir in the tomato paste. Include the salt and also pepper, as well as remain to prepare for 55 mins.

While the lamb combination is cooking, steam the potatoes over high warmth for concerning fifteen minutes. Drain as well as mash them with the butter, egg, as well as yolk. Area this mix in a bread bag. When you prepare to serve, pre-heat your broiler. Area the lamb in tiny specific recipes, pipe the potatoes ahead, and brown the potatoes over the broiler. Offer the guard’s pie immediately.

Don’t Mess With Custom

Meals like shepherd’s pie have continued to be a timeless preferred throughout the years. Because the time of colonial cooking, there are some points that have actually never ever transformed.