Equipping Your Kitchen With Cooking Utensils

Lots of cooks consider significant devices such as the range and fridge when preparing to equip their cooking areas, however to be a success in the cooking area, you have to have a great choice of cooking utensils in addition to the larger products. And do not forget, cooking utensils indicates more than simply spoons; there’s a host of little cooking utensils varying from cutting gadgets, juicers, graters and more.

There’s no doubt that having the right tools for the task makes any job much easier, and there’s no much better location to show this than in the kitchen area, where having the best cooking utensils can be the distinction in between developing terrific meals and great meals.

Consider exactly what you carry out in a kitchen area and about how various cooking utensils enter into play for each job:

By picturing the jobs you do every day in the kitchen area, you will get a much better concept of the cooking utensils you must think about acquiring. Think of every phase of the cooking procedure, from storage and cleansing, to cooking and presenting.

âEUR cents Washing and drying fresh fruit and vegetables– constantly simple to achieve with a strainer and salad spinner. A veggie peeler is likewise an essential addition to your cooking utensils closet.

âEUR cents Mixing– no cooking area would be total without a cadre of blending bowls in its cooking utensils cabinet. Having a choice of bowls in various sizes is necessary to quickly, effective cooking.

âEUR cents Measuring– cooking and baking can be a type of art and dishes need to be followed as specifically as possible so determining meals, cups (both dry and damp procedures) and determining spoons are vital cooking utensils.

Other beneficial cooking utensils: pastry brush, kitchen area shears, rolling pin, salt shaker, pepper shaker, cutting board, ramekins, flour sifter, rotary beater, ladles, juicer and a can opener. Cooking utensils been available in a series of costs, quality and products such as wood, metal, silicone and rubber. Despite just how much you pay, constantly ensure any cooking utensils that have numerous pieces, meshed safely.

âEUR cents Temperature– as crucial as steps are temperature levels, which can impact the success of your cooking area ventures. An oven or meat thermometer is essential to having actually appropriately prepared meat that is safe to consume, and must be consisted of in your kitchen of cooking utensils.

âEUR cents Weighing– depending upon exactly what you want to prepare, you might wish to include a food scale to your wish list of cooking utensils. Such a tool can be outstanding for portioning meat and other items that have actually cooking times impacted by weight.

âEUR cents Slicing, slicing and dicing all sort of food and garnishes– a food mill finishes veggies, however graters, mandolins and knives are likewise valuable cooking utensils to have on hand.

âEUR cents Manipulating, poking, prodding, lifting and stirring– possibly exactly what frequently enters your mind when you consider cooking utensils are executes utilized to move food: spoons, forks, knives, spatulas, wire whisks, pastry mixers, tongs, salad lifters, slotted spoons, wood spoons, serving spoons and more.

Winter Budget Cooking Tips

I was raised in a home where money was very tight and a lot of times, my mother recalls lacking housekeeping cash midway through the month.

The result was that she became (and still is) a fantastic budget cook, and with rising food expenses, I am so grateful to have actually learned to cook with her.

1. Get a slowcooker

If you can manage to buy one, or can obtain one from someone (great deals of individuals get them for wedding event presents and never utilize them– true truth!), then get a slowcooker.

They utilize hardly any electrical energy and are great for cooking and tenderising meat over a long period of time. I always unpack mine with relish as soon as the very first cold day hits.

2. Low-cost is joyful

And why do I have to prepare my meat for a long period of time? Because I purchase more affordable cuts.

Topside, brisket, neck, shoulder, shin, blade, chuck, stewing steak– these have a lot flavour, but can be tough if you hurry them.

Sticking them in a slowcooker or putting them in the oven for a few hours will turn the meat into tender nuggets of deliciousness whilst the bones include flavour and strength. All at half the price of ‘posher’ cuts.

3. Aaaaand stretch

I can make 500g of mince feed at least 15 people– and no, my name isn’t really Jesus.

Every bolognaise I make is 50/50 meat and prepared brown lentils– my family do not taste the difference, it’s far healthier for us all and it doubles the quantity of food I can make. Chicken curry? Add some chickpeas. Beef stew? Add a chopped butternut.

In my experience, the delicious sauce is exactly what makes a casserole, so include extra herbs, seasoning and flavouring and no-one will miss the meat.

4. Make and freeze

If you’re beginning to cook on a budget plan, then after a slowcooker, your buddy is a freezer.

When cooking a stew or casserole, always, CONSTANTLY make at least double and freeze in individual parts.

It suggests that you do not end up with 2 baby marrows in the refrigerator going mouldy (the dish just requested for 4) and it likewise suggests that when you come home and can’t be bothered to cook, there is something delicious and far less expensive than a takeaway pizza quickly available.

A freezer likewise suggests you can benefit from any special offers going which is cool.

5. Prepare on the bone, serve off the bone.

I use a great deal of chicken breast on the bone in my winter cooking– it’s far less expensive than fillets and the bones include flavour – and I frequently discover that although I can consume a whole breast, I really do not have to.

If you cook a pack of 3 chicken breasts on the bone and then remove and chop the meat, you will have a meal that can easily serve 4 or 5 people and everyone will have enough. The same opts for chops.

6. 2 meals for the cost of 1.

When you utilize a slowcooker, you do need to keep the liquid levels relatively high to keep the meat juicy. The upshot can be that you have more sauce than you need.

Don’t toss it away, blitz, add stock and turn it into soup– beef and tomato, chicken and white wine, Thai chicken green curry.

7. Multi-task with your oven.

If there is a problem with cooking meals over a long period of time, it’s that it utilizes great deals of electrical energy.

Attempt and multi-task whilst your supper is in the oven so you get the most from the heat– whip up a batch of banana muffins for next week’s lunchboxes, oven roast some tomatoes to develop into pasta sauce or brown some beef bones and make your own stock.

Ingredients to Avoid While Cooking

It may be better than drive-thru grub, but if you assume that food preparation in the house immediately assures a fat burning pleasant dish, you’ve got it all wrong. In fact, with a cup of this and dash of that, you can change a seemingly-healthy meal into one that will certainly make the number on the scale soar.

In order to help you stay on track with your Brand-new Year’s objective to lose weight as well as obtain healthy, we asked a few of the country’s leading nutrition professionals to expose which usual cooking and cooking active ingredients they wouldn’t touch with a ten-foot post. Read on to get well-informed– and once you have actually tossed several of these “Not That’s!” into the rubbish as well as took out your No Belly Cookbook, make certain to take a look at these Points Healthy and balanced Cooks Always Have in Their Kitchen so you could re-stock your cabinet like a pro.

Food Coloring

” Fabricated food dyes, which many people utilize to color baked goods, are cause for concern as well as could have major negative effects– especially in youngsters. Red 40, as an example, may contain cancer-causing pollutants, despite the fact that it’s accepted by the FDA. The dye could likewise be a potential trigger to attention deficit disorder in children. Rather, shade your recipes with all-natural resources of shade like beetroot juice, red cabbage or paprika.”

Sweetening agents

Although they don’t add calories, sweetening agents are up to 700 times sweeter than natural sugar– and also commonly leave you craving extra sugary foods later on in the day. If you’re aiming to reduce calories from your baked products, swap out sugar for unsweetened applesauce rather. One mug of the white stuff has more than 770 calories while the very same quantity of unsweetened applesauce has about 100. As well as better yet, a 1:1 ratio works completely! ”

Fat complimentary dairy products

” Although I’m a follower of fat-free milk, other fat-free dairy items like cheese, cream cheese as well as cottage cheese are a no-go in my cooking area. Many individuals locate the structure, taste and also mouthfeel of these items to be much less satisfying, which either turns them off from the meal completely or spurs yearnings for secs as well as thirds as they look for satisfaction.”

Margarine

” Some margarine bathtubs consist of heart-harming trans fats as well as are made with processed oils that may be pro-inflammatory. Swelling has actually been straight linked to excessive weight, diabetic issues, heart disease as well as cancer. Switch over to grass-fed butter to get an item like Earth Balance that contain a mix of less processed oils.”

Low-cost veggie oils

” Cheap oils like soybean, corn oil, and also cottonseed oil are very refined, include high quantities of pro-inflammatory omega-6 hydrogenated fats, and also offer hardly any heart-healthy omega-3s. Instead of using these fats in your cooking, button to avocado or coconut oil, which have both been revealed to assist weight-loss. Both oils have high smoke factors, as well, so they’re excellent alternatives for pan-frying.”

What To Look For In A Cooking School

Is it any wonder why most women painstakingly toil and learn the art of cooking? They started having some sessions with every dish being taught every time the supposed to be teacher to his or her supposed to be student. And so, gradually cooking schools were built, maybe with those who first taught cooking.

I. Culinary Schools – A Brief Rundown

Since its inception and practice, cooking schools had continuously provided their students, first, with the basics of cooking. The first sessions of classes in cooking schools before are not as organized as it is today.

II. Choices

The problem is too many cooking schools. As a potential student, of course you will want to attend the very best learning institution that you can.

1. Is it accredited?
In this case, a good cooking school should be accredited, and not just by so-and-so company but a valid accrediting agency. Those who have been in the business for at least 6 years are good enough?

2. Do you need a job right away after your training?
If so, then it’s best to choose cooking schools that can give you career advancement right after your training. Good cooking schools require their students to have on-the-job-training within restaurants and hotels. In turn, it will be good exposure for you especially if you want to work for them in the future.

3. Are you particular with the student-teacher ratio?
If so, then choose a cooking school that offers at least a maximum of 15 students per instructor. This is to facilitate ease of teaching and improve better comprehension among the students. A smaller class size is better especially if the session includes mostly of a one-on-one approach.

4. Do you have a tight budget?
Normally, good cooking schools cost a lot more than the typical cooking schools. If you are really determined to start your cooking lessons, it’s a must that you have the budget for it. Otherwise, you might just end up with a cheap one but can not give you the right techniques as far as cooking is concerned.

5. You need a good instructor for a good cooking school?
That is, if you really want to know how to cook effectively and professionally. It’s best that you check on the background of the instructors in the cooking school that you chose to enrol with. Find some helpful information if they are good enough teach you the art of cooking.

6. Proximity
Can you endure a long ride going to the cooking school? If not, then it’s best that you choose a good cooking school that is located within your locality. This will give you a shorter time for commuting.

7. Is it private or a public?
If you go for public cooking schools, you might save a hefty amount of money because they are cost cheaper than the private ones. Then again, the quality of the school facilities and instruction may suffer because the government may not have allotted a budget for the school.

Cooking The Same Thing Day After Day? Try These Great Ideas!

Cooking can be quite the tragedy if you don’t have much knowledge or know any tricks of the trade. This article will give you the information you need to get on your way to making delicious meals without any complications. Of course practice will be necessary, cooking is not a skill that can be 100 percent right in the beginning.

Keep your pantry well stocked with a selection of canned meats. You never know when the power might go out for a day or two and you can’t get to the store. Canned hams, salmon, or other canned meats can save the day. Just add a few other ingredients from your pantry and you’ll have a great meal!

To clean your hands after cooking a recipe that includes garlic, vigorously rub your hands on your stainless steel sink or counter. Do this for 30 seconds to one minute, and then wash your hands. This will remove garlic odor from your fingers, and it will be as if you ‘d never touched it.

Treat your herbs like fresh flowers. If you are tired of your fresh herbs going to waste before you can use them all, don’t keep them in the refrigerator. Instead, trim the stems and place them in a vase in which you would like to keep freshly cut flowers. You will keep the herbs alive and healthy much longer.

Leave the bone in a roast to speed up cooking. By leaving the bone in, heat moves to the inside of the meat faster, speeding up the cooking process. Because the bone transmits heat, the entire roast cooks more evenly throughout the cut of meat by leaving it in rather than removing it.

Are you looking for an easy way to reduce, that not so pleasant smell in your kitchen, when cooking cabbage. One easy trick will keep your kitchen smelling nice when boiling cabbage. Adding caraway seeds to cabbage will help reduce the smell and adding caraway leaves will give your cabbage a pleasant taste.

Buy pre-packaged whole chickens instead of boneless, skinless chicken breasts. It’s more economical, you get more meals and you can use the bones to make your own chicken stock for soup based recipes and more.

Buy your food at fresh markets. Food you buy from farmer markets and private gardens is going to be healthier for you. These foods are often free of the harmful chemicals that infect out mainstream grocery supply. Look out for the health of yourself and your family, and your cooking will automatically be better.

Cook pasta for one minute less than instructed on the box and then place the pasta in a sauce pan. By making pasta this way, the sauce will absorb into the pasta and the overall quality of your meal will be better. You can even add some spices into the saucepan.

Now that you have read about the many basic skills of cooking, it is time for you to head to the kitchen and prepare some great food! Remember, as said before, cooking is not a skill that can be 100 percent right in the beginning. Practice is required for you to master the art of cooking.

Basic Cooking Utensils for Your Kitchen

Equipping Your Kitchen With Basic Cooking Utensils

There’s no doubt that having the right tools for the task makes any task easier, and there’s no better location to highlight this than in the kitchen area, where having the ideal cooking utensils can be the distinction in between developing excellent meals and terrific meals.

Lots of cooks consider significant appliances such as the range and fridge when planning to equip their cooking areas, however to be a success in the cooking area, you need to have a good choice of cooking utensils in addition to the bigger items. And remember, cooking utensils indicates more than just spoons; there’s a host of little cooking utensils varying from cutting devices, juicers, graters and more.

Consider what you carry out in a kitchen and about how various cooking utensils enter into play for each job:

– Washing and drying fresh produce– always simple to achieve with a strainer and salad spinner. A vegetable peeler is likewise a crucial addition to your cooking utensils closet.

– Slicing, slicing and dicing all type of food and garnishes– a food mill finishes vegetables, however graters, mandolins and knives are also valuable cooking utensils to have on hand.

– Measuring– cooking and baking can be a form of art and dishes need to be followed as specifically as possible so measuring meals, cups (both dry and wet steps) and determining spoons are vital cooking utensils.

– Weighing– depending on exactly what you prefer to cook, you may want to add a food scale to your shopping list of cooking utensils. Such a tool can be exceptional for portioning meat and other items that have cooking times affected by weight.

– Temperature– as crucial as procedures are temperature levels, which can affect the success of your kitchen area endeavors. An oven or meat thermometer is key to having actually appropriately prepared meat that is safe to consume, and must be included in your kitchen of cooking utensils.

– Mixing– no cooking area would be complete without a cadre of mixing bowls in its cooking utensils cabinet. Having a selection of bowls in various sizes is important to quickly, efficient cooking.

– Manipulating, poking, prodding, lifting and stirring– possibly what most often enters your mind when you consider cooking utensils are implements used to move food: spoons, forks, knives, spatulas, wire whisks, pastry blenders, tongs, salad lifters, slotted spoons, wood spoons, serving spoons and more.

By envisioning the jobs you do every day in the kitchen, you will get a better concept of the cooking utensils you ought to consider buying. Think about every phase of the food preparation procedure, from storage and cleansing, to cooking and presenting.

Other useful cooking utensils: pastry brush, kitchen shears, rolling pin, salt shaker, pepper shaker, cutting board, ramekins, flour sifter, rotary beater, ladles, juicer and a can opener. Cooking utensils come in a variety of costs, quality and products such as wood, metal, silicone and rubber. No matter how much you pay, always make sure any cooking utensils that have multiple pieces, fit together securely.

3 Easy Yet Different Cooking Recipes for Appetizers

Cooking Dish # 1: Chick Pea and also Corn Salad

Ingredients:
1 could of ready to consume chick peas or garbanzo beans
1 little packet of frozen corn
a canister of tamarind paste (offered in the Indian or ethnic grocery stores or section of your supermarket).
Coarsely ground red chilies.
Coarsely ground as well as baked cumin seeds.
Salt.
Finely chopped tomatoes.
Finely sliced onions.
Carefully sliced cilantro.

Method:.

Drain the water as well as empty the chick peas in to a pan. Include the corn and also tamarind water (by mixing the tamarind paste in to warm water). If the brand of tamarind you choose has seeds in it, throw them away. Add the seasonings and cover the pan for around 10 mins. Allow it simmer. When the corn is prepared, garnish with the veggies and serve hot or chilly.

Food preparation Dish # 2: Spicy Hot Potatoes.

4 big potatoes.
Lemon juice.
Curry leaves.
Whole red chilies (long or round).
Mustard seeds.
Cumin seeds.
Salt.
Finely chopped cilantro.
Chunks of jalapeno (optional).
4 tbsp. canola oil.

Approach:.

Boil the potatoes. Allow them great and then reduced them on to average sized chunks. In a frying pan, include some canola oil and fry the red chilies until they are dark. Include the various other flavors and also curry leaves with a little water (beware as it could splash) and also let it simmer for around 7 mins. Now add the potato portions and also lemon juice and mix until the potatoes are well coated with all the flavors. Garnish with the cilantro and also jalape o.

Food preparation Recipe # 3: Leftover Hen Sandwiches.

Active ingredients:.

Left over deep-fried baked or any kind of sort of poultry.
Cream cheese.
Mustard powder or paste.
Mayo.
Brown and white bread.
Salt.
Coarsely ground black pepper.

Method:.

De-bone and clean off any kind of sauce or seasonings from the left over poultry. Cut or shred in to smaller pieces as well as put in a hand aid blender or food processor with a little of the cream cheese, mayo, salt, pepper and also mustard. Preference regarding exactly how tasty or sweet or spicy you would certainly like it to be.
Grind to a paste as well as spread out on white and brownish bread reduced the sandwiches in to fours as well as alternate them on the offering meal so that it appears like a checkerboard. a simple food preparation dish that sets you back very little when you use leftovers!

Food preparation Dish # 4: Easy Pineapples as well as Cream.

Components:.
1 bathtub of Cool Whip.
1 can of pineapple chunks.
1 packet of pineapple flavorful jello.
Colored sugar for enhancing.

Let Cool Whip thaw in the refrigerator for five hours. Open up a container of pineapple and also utilizing its syrup plus water, make the pineapple jello based on the guidelines on the pack. Allow it amazing yet continue mixing to make sure that it doesn t set. Blot the pineapple pieces on kitchen towels.

Then using a spoon or an electrical beater, blend the jello into the cream. Include the pineapple pieces as well as allow it cool over evening. Enhance with continuing to be portions as well as some colored sugar.

Chinese Cooking Sauces

The Chinese society has added many remarkable points to the rest of the world. Undeniably, the most recognizable would certainly be their food. Many individuals in the western globe have pertained to like Chinese cooking, and also a large reason for this is their distinct use numerous sauces in the preparation of most of their dishes. Let’s take a quick look at a few of the scrumptious sauces that are made use of in Chinese food preparation.

Wonderful and also Sour Sauce

When it pertains to Chinese cooking sauces, possibly one of the most well-known is wonderful as well as sour sauce. This sauce is utilized to add flavor to a variety of various meat meals, such as hen, pork as well as beef. It’s terrific for numerous stir fry meals that are so preferred in America. Lately, it’s ended up being fairly prominent as a dipping sauce. This sauce gets it’s name due to the fact that it’s generally made from sugar and also vinegar.

Hoi Transgression Sauce

This brownish-red sauce is type of the Chinese version of bbq sauce. It’s made from a combination of soya beans, garlic, chilis, as well as various other seasonings. Again, it’s fantastic for use as a barbeque sauce on poultry as well as beef, yet it’s probably best referred to as Peking sauce, because it is the sauce generally served with Peking duck. In addition to this, it also is incredibly popular as a dipping sauce.

Soy Sauce

Perhaps one of the most vital sauce made use of for Chinese food preparation is soy sauce. Soy sauce is a brownish colored fluid that is made by developing fermented soya beans with salt. This sauce has a distinct salty taste, and also is made use of in a wide variety of Chinese meals. Soy sauce is available in either light, which is normally utilized more for a dipping sauce, or the dark type, which is a lot more common for food preparation functions. There are few recipes in Chinese cooking that do not include soy sauce somehow, however also the ones that don’t are typically dipped in it.

Chinese food preparation is becoming more popular in our part of world all the time. These meals have an one-of-a-kind design and taste that is mostly due to the various sauces that are made use of. In The U.S.A., many of these sauces are utilized a lot more for dipping compared to actual food preparation. We have actually taken Chinese food preparation and also put our own spin on it. There are several brands of these Chinese sauces offered at you neighborhood market, however if you want experiencing real Chinese food preparation, aim to obtain sauces that are imported from China.

Cooking Pumpkin Seeds Supplies A Health Treat

The majority of times in the autumn when pumpkins are harvested for pies, bread or for Halloween decorations, the seeds are regularly disposed of. Recognizing the many different approaches of cooking pumpkin seeds can provide a healthy snack. Among the easiest techniques made use of for cooking pumpkin seeds is to put them on a baking sheet and placed them in the stove with a bit of salt, yet there are other methods to develop a yummy treat.

Considering the pumpkin seeds could be toasted, baked, steamed or baked food preparation pumpkin seeds could additionally be an enjoyable experience for the kids. Relying on the sort of flavor utilized when they are prepared, they could additionally be plain, warm or mild. Several of the pointers for cooking pumpkin seeds consist of utilizing chili pepper or other kind of spice to add an actual kick to the completed snack.

Prior to embarking on a plan for cooking pumpkin seeds, there are some standards to make use of, regardless of just how you intend to prepare the seeds for consuming. All of the pulp left over from extracting them from the pumpkin needs to be gotten rid of as well as the seeds should be completely rinsed and also dried. As soon as rinsed with simple water, they could be expanded theoretically towels and also allowed to dry for several hours, usually overnight.

Cooking Could Offer Healthier Option

If you intend on cooking pumpkin seeds in the oven, when the seeds are dry that could be sprayed with cooking oil or put in a sealed plastic food storage bag with a one tsp of melted butter or olive oil for each 2 cups of seeds. Shake the bag till the fluid is equally spread out on the seeds and after that spread them out on a cookie sheet covered with non-stick light weight aluminum foil.

Spray the seasoning of your selection on the seeds and place in the oven at 250-degrees for 10 to 15 mins, up until the seeds start to turn light brown. It is necessary when food preparation pumpkin seeds not to enable them to burn. Once they are done, they can be maintained in a sealed bag for about a week however like many baked treat item they will stagnate after a couple of days if exposed.

The exact same preparation can be used with various other technique for food preparation pumpkin seeds and also those who do not like the preference, can position them in the stove, without all the cleaning as well as baked for 10 or 15 minutes for a reward for the birds.

Healthiness Through Straightforward Cooking Tips

A growing number of individuals are preparing at home mostly for 2 main factors it is more economical compared to dining in restaurants, and also secondly it is self-pleasing. Food preparation is the front heater in all house kitchen areas. A nationwide study performed by Preference of Home magazine, say most Americans cook dinner for their family members at the very least four nights a week, as well as 62 percent chef at the very least one dish a weak from square one. Indulgence of such a task needs a few cooking tips which make life less complicated in the kitchen area.
General Food preparation Tips
Before you begin, prepare on your own and also examine out that you have all the components to finish the meal. Embrace recipes that are not also complicated. Go through the recipe thoroughly as well as see to it you have all in the ingredients, utensils, etc. If it is hen that you want to cook, warmth the stove prior to you put the broiler in. This helps to maintain the juices of the griddle in. Utilize a spatula or bands to transform the broiler rather than fork or a blade. If it is poultry soup on the menu, embrace a young female chicken, preferably a kosher pullet increased in a farm in natural environments. Cook the hen initially and afterwards reduced right into items.
If you have an issue with beef not hurting sufficient, try including a few pieces of raw papaya while preparing the meat. Papaya not just makes the meat tender, it includes taste. Raw papaya includes vitamins A, B, C and also D, so makes the meat healthier. Besides raw papaya is stated to cleanse the liver and aids in food digestion.
If it is veggies on the menu, cooking suggestions are less complex. Vegetables could either be consumed raw, can be steamed, steamed, mix fried, also baked and barbequed! Veggies could be prepared in hundred different methods and the trick to enjoying veggies is selection. A crucial cooking idea for veggies is not to overcook. Overcooked vegetables loose its healthy values and are messed up. If steaming veggies, locate a method to utilize the water in making a sauce or sauce, instead of tossing it away.
Trial and error with different ingredients is a beneficial food preparation idea for the not-so-expert chef. Attempt substituting beans for meats, or make use of carrots as opposed to sugar to sweeten sauces. While mix frying meat, cut to tiny items to permit fast cooking in the wok which is pre-heated to a heat.
For cooking area home appliances, a salad spinner, hand mixer to puree soup is less complicated to take care of compared to a mixer. A folding cleaner platform which could suit any type of pot work is excellent for food preparation or steaming vegetables. The roasting pan needs to be of appropriate size. Attempt using non-stick pans, which utilize much less oil and stop sticking of prepared food to the pan.
One basic food preparation idea concerning health is laundry hands with cozy water and also soap before any food preparation. Clean frequently after handling meats and also never put pre-cooked food on to plates, boards or various other surfaces on which raw meat, fish or chicken have actually been maded without cleaning these utensils/surfaces with warm water as well as soap.